Selected Bibliography


Anderson, Mary M.  Hidden Power: The Palace Eunuchs of Imperial China.  Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1990.

Armed Forces University, compiled. The History of Wars in China.  Taipei: Li Ming Cultural Enterprise Co., LTD., 1976.

Bing, Li Ung.  Whiteside, Joseph, ed.  “Outlines of China History from Mythology to the Three Kingdoms”.  April 6, 2002 <htpp://>.

Cook, Constance A. and Major, John S., eds.  Defining Chu: Image and Reality in Ancient China.  Honolulu: University of Hawai’i  Press, 1999.

Durant, Stephen, and Li, Wai-yee and Schaberg, David translation and introduction.  Zuo tradition /  Zuozhuan / Volume Three / Commentary on the “Spring and Autumn Annals”.  Seattle and Washington: University of Washington Press, 2016.

Graff, David A. and Higham, Robin.  A Military History of China.  Westview Press, 2002.

Granet, Marcel.  Festivals and Songs of Ancient China.  London: George Routledge & Sons, Ltd, 1932.

Griffith, Samuel B. Sun Tzu The Art of War. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Huang, J. H., research and reinterpretation. Sun Tzu, The New Translation.  New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1993.

Leeming, Frank.  The Changing Geography of China.  Blackwell, 1993.

Lewis, Mark Edward.  Sanctioned Violence in Early China.  New York: State University of New York Press, 1990.

Maspero, Henri.  China in Antiquity.  Folkestone, Kent, England: Wm Dawson & Son Ltd, Cannon House, 1979.

Miller, Harry, translation. The Gongyang Commentary on The Spring and Autumn Annals. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

Moser, Leo J. The Chinese Mosaic: The Peoples and Provinces of China. Boulder and London: Westview Press, 1985.

Nienhauser, William H. Jr., Tsai0fa Cheng, Zongli Lu and Reynolds, Robert, translators, Nienhauser, William H. Jr., ed.  The Grand Scribe’s Records, Volume 1, The Basic Annals of Pre-Han China by Ssu-ma Ch’ien.  Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1994.

Page, Dennis Blooodworth.  The Chinese Machiavelli: 3000 Years of Chinese Statecraft. Routledge, 2004.

Sawyer, Ralph D. The Art of War. New York: Barnes & Noble, Inc. by arrangement with Westview Press, 1994.

Safford, Miss A. C., translation.  Fryer, John LL.D, ed.  Typical Women of China.

Sawyer, Ralph D., translation and commentary with Mei-chün Sawyer. The Seven Military Classics of Ancient China. Boulder, San Francisco and Oxford: Westview Press, 1993.

Sawyer, Ralph D., translation with a historical introduction. Sun Pin Military Methods of The Art of War. New York: MetroBooks by arrangement with Westview Press, Inc. 1995.

Smitha, Frank E. “The Rise of Ancient China”. Homepage. May 13, 2002 <htpp://>.

Young, Suzanne M., Pollard, A. Mark, Budd, Paul and Ixer, Robert A. eds.  Metals In Antiquity (BAR international series, 792). Oxford: Archaeopress, 1999.

Wallacker, Benjamin E., Knapp, Ronald G., Van Alstyne, Arthur J., Smith, Richard J., eds.  Chinese Walled Cities: A Collection of Maps from Shina Jōkaku no Gaiyō.  The Chinese University Press, [unknown date].  Shanghai, Hong Kong, Yokohama, Singapore: Kelly & Walsh, Limited, 1899.

Watson, Burton, translation. The TSO Chuan, Selections From China’s Oldest Narrative History. New York: Columbia University Press, 1989.

Whiting, Marvin C.  Imperial Chinese Military History. San Jose, New York, Lincoln, Shangai: Writers Club Press, 2002.

Xueqin, Li.  Chang, K. C., translation.  Eastern Zhou and Qin Civilizations.  New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1986.